So, I assume by now many people out there have heard about the controversy going on at UC Davis over the board positions taken by the UC Davis Chancellor Linda Katehi. If you have not – here is a brief summary.
- In late February, Chancellor Katehi accepted a board position at the for profit educational company Devry but then steeped down after complaints. See for example this story by Diana Lambert in the SacBee for details. Note – she has admitted that her accepting of this position prior to getting approval from the UC President was a violation of UC policy.
- Chancellor Katehi received $420,000 in compensation for serving on the board of John Wiley and Son’s from 2012-2014. See this SacBee story by Diana Lambert and Dale Kasler for more detail. In relation to this report, Chancellor Katehi has apologized and has said she will donate “all the stock proceeds” she made from Wiley to a Scholarship fund for UC Davis students.
- Chancellor Katehi served on the International Advisory Board of King Abdulaziz University in Saudi Arabia for a year. This is the same University that has been strongly critiqued for its practice of paying highly cited scholars to become adjunct faculty in order to boost its ratings. It has been reported that she did not attend any of the board meetings in person and did not receive any compensation for this. See this and this for more detail.
- Calls for Chancellor Katehi to resign or be fired. These calls have come from various sources including multiple members of the California State government; some students and others at UC Davis; and a few publications. See for example this and this and this and this.
- There have also been calls to have more oversight of conflicts, more transparency, or just not allowing serving on for profit boards.
- There have been multiple statements of support for Chancellor Katehi including from other UC Davis administrators, some faculty, members of the local community, and others.
- Students have had multiple protests on campus including the occupation of Chancellor Katehi’s office in Mrak Hall on UC Davis Campus. See for example this and this and this and this.
But … there is one major thing that gives me pause here. And it relates to the comment above about trying “tried to be as objective as possible” here. The reason this gives me pause here is because one of the key issues at play relates to “Conflicts of Interest” – both real and perceived – in the Chancellor’s board positions. Many critics have argued that each of these board positions comes with major conflicts of interest in the Chancellor’s job as the head of a major public university. The Chancellor’s supporters have argued that these board positions at worst involved the appearance of a possible conflict and not any real conflict.
Why I am digging into this conflict of interest topic? Because I think one key way to help people assess whether there are any real or possible conflicts of interest in one’s activities is to fully disclose as much as possible about one’s activities. And I think the UC in general and the Chancellor of UC Davis could do a much much much better job in terms of disclosures. And I have a proposal for that.
But before we get into that I think it is necessary for me to make some disclosures. Here are some:
- I am a Professor at UC Davis
- I have worked on a few projects with the UC Davis Chancellor Linda Katehi directly and indirectly and I have always had positive interactions with her).
- I have worked on the UC Davis ADVANCE Project ( to increase the participation and advancement of women in academic science and engineering careers) for which Chancellor Katehi is the lead.
- I don’t always agree with actions taken by Chancellor Katehi but I do believe she is truly committed to improving UC Davis
- I have worked for many years on “open access” to scholarly literature (and a little bit to textbooks) and have occasionally been at odds with the John Wiley and Son’s company.
- I was involved in an exposé of what I believe to be unethical behavior of King Abdulaziz University a few years ago in their attempts to buy rankings by trying to have scholars change their institutional affiliations on publications and in citation databases. See for example this and this and this. I note – I was threatened by one of the people from KAU who I helped expose. I am NOT A FAN of KAU.
- I spent almost two months writing about the pepper spray incident and follow up in 2011 in an effort to help save the image of UC Davis, which I love. See some of my posts about this here. The whole incident and the aftermath was very traumatic for the University and many individuals associated with the University, including myself. There were calls for Chancellor Katehi to resign then. And there were statements of support by deans and faculty. I refused to sign either. I thought she and the UC Davis admins made many mistakes and did not by any means deserve endorsements. But I also thought it was unclear if their mistakes were enough for them to be pushed out.
- Other disclosures of mine are here: https://phylogenomics.wordpress.com/about/disclosures
OK – so that is a way longer introduction than I had imagined in getting to the question of “what should we do now?”
- I personally think that accepting each of these board positions was really not wise. Yes, the Chancellor may have accepted them with the best of intentions. And yes, she may not have done anything inappropriate in her time on the two on which she served (Wiley and KAU). But I think it would not have been that hard to imagine how these board positions might be perceived – especially by UC Davis students. And that alone I think should have led to turning down these board positions. She has admitted Devry was a mistake. She has not admitted (as far as I know) that Wiley was a mistake but has hinted that she can see how some people may not like it. She has not admitted at all that KAU was a mistake as far as I can tell (and has defended it as being in the interest of promoting diversity), but given that it was known in 2011 widely that they were buying ranking in a seemingly unethical manner, this should have raised some red flags. I do wonder a bit whether my really unpleasant interaction with KAU has made me more judgmental about this board position than maybe I should be (hence why I thought it was important to disclose this above).
- Despite the above comments, I do not think that the board positions taken by the Chancellor are enough of a problem to call for her firing or resignation. There are two major reasons for this. My min reason for this is that I think one has to weigh the board position issue against all she has done as Chancellor and overall I believe she has done many very good things as Chancellor and that she is truly and deeply committed to UC Davis. I understand that other people do not agree with this. So I think in a way how people respond to this board position issue may relate largely to how good a job they think she has been doing as Chancellor.
- I think a key mistake in this whole situation involved a poor job of disclosure. More on this below.
- I think another key mistake has been the slow and minimal communication with UC Davis and the public in response to these issues. I really wish Chancellor Katehi and UC Davis administrators would hold some town halls or the like to discuss these issues and to explain to us why these board positions were taken.
In general I think disclosures of possible conflicts of interest are done really poorly in academia. So poorly that before this whole issue cropped up at UC Davis I made a proposal that scholars add disclosures to a centralized universal scholarly ID system known as ORCID. See Improving Ability to Identify Possible Conflicts of Interest of Scholars 1: Adding a Disclosure Field to ORCID. This would certainly help when on sees a paper by someone (say, Eric Lander) and would allow one to get more information about their possible conflicts of interest (say, billions of dollars in possible royalties for the institute one runs). I think such a system would be very useful. But it is not really enough for the issue at hand here.
Proposed Public, Open, and Early Disclosure System for UC Administrators.
- This system should be applied to all top UC Administrators (UC President, Chancellors, Provosts, Deans, and possibly others)
- Disclosures of outside activities and potential conflicts of interest must be made publicly available in a centralized location.
- This would include Form 700s and other declarations.
- I have been told such forms are available for all UC Admins. They are certainly not readily available.
- UC Administrators should be required to update such disclosures quarterly
- The disclosures need to be referenced and linked readily and widely:
- The disclosures should be provided at the administrator’s profile pages
- Disclosures or links to them should accompany all official communications of these administrators (much in the way disclosures should accompany scholarly publications).
- Administrators should be required to submit proposed outside activities to the public PRIOR to commencing those activities.
- There should be a public commenting period regarding these proposals
- The specific activities and compensations must be included in all proposals
- The proposals should include a discussion of the putative benefits to the UC for such activities.
- There should be a more public, more formal review process for determining if the proposed activities are in the best interest of the UC
- These disclosures should happen whether or not any other regulations about outside activities happen.
- 3/23/16. Conor Friedersdorf in the Atlantic. UC Davis Students Demand the Ouster of Their Chancellor.
- 3/23/16. Michael Lewis in the Davis Enterprise Point of Brew: Brewing courses for Chancellor Katehi
- 3/21/16. Sam Stanton in the SacBee: Lawmaker shifts course, now says UC Davis chancellor should remain
- 3/20/16. Jann Murray-Garcia (Adjunct Asst. Prof. at UCD School of Nursing). Just Us in Davis: I stand with Chancellor Katehi.
- Kris Hooks in the Sac News and Review 3/24: UC Davis student protest of Chancellor Katehi enters third week
- 3/23/16 Conor Frierersdorf in the Atlantic: UC Davis Students Demand the Ouster of Their Chancellor
- 3/23/16 Oona Goodin-Smith in USAToday: Protesters call for ouster of UC-Davis chancellor
- 3/24/16. Rachel Leibrock in SN&R. Time to go.
- 3/28/16. California Aggie: Fire Katehi protest continues through break
- 3/29/16. Roman Rivilis – ex ASUCD Senator: Indicting Linda Katehi
- 3/29/16. Collection of faculty call on Katehi to resign. Faculty Statement Supporting the MRAK Occupation and Call For Katehi Resignation
- 4/3/16. Sunday Commentary: Student Protests Starting to Open Up Troubling Findings about UCD
- 4/4/16: UC Davis Chancellor Katehi apologizes to lawmakers over ‘lapse’ in taking DeVry seat
Been attempting to get for 700s for the Chancellor (as an exercise, not to dig into them in any detail). Writing about it in a seagate post.